The Book of Changes

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Tui / The Joyous, Lake

This hexagram, like sun, is one of the eight formed by
doubling of a trigram. The trigram Tui denotes the youngest
daughter; it is symbolized by the smiling lake, and its
attribute is joyousness. Contrary to appearances, it is not the
yielding quality of the top line that accounts for joy here.

The attribute of the yielding or dark principle is not joy but
melancholy. However, joy is indicated by the fact that there
are two strong lines within, expressing themselves through
the medium of gentleness.

True joy, therefore, rests on firmness and strength within,
manifesting itself outwardly as yielding and gentle.


THE JOYOUS. Success.
Perseverance is favorable.

The joyous mood is infectious and therefore brings success. But joy
must be based on steadfastness if it is not to degenerate into
uncontrolled mirth. Truth and strength must dwell in the heart, while
gentleness reveals itself in social intercourse. In this way one assumes
the right attitude toward God and man and achieves something.

certain conditions, intimidation without gentleness may achieve
something momentarily, but not for all time. When, on the other hand,
the hearts of men are won by friendliness, they are led to take all
hardships upon themselves willingly, and if need be will not shun death
itself, so great is the power of joy over men.

The success of the joyous way is attained through cooperation with
other people. This is a time of interaction and exchange of opinions.
Perseverance here means to maintain the joyous state as basement for
the spontaneous development of the actions.


Lakes resting one on the other:
The image of THE JOYOUS.
Thus the superior man joins with his friends
For discussion and practice.

A lake evaporates upward and thus gradually dries up; but when two lakes
are joined they do not dry up so readily, for one replenishes the other. It
is the same in the field of knowledge. Knowledge should be a refreshing
and vitalizing force. It becomes so only through stimulating intercourse
with congenial friends with whom one holds discussion and practices
application of the truths of life. In this way learning becomes many-sided
and takes on a cheerful lightness, whereas there is always something
ponderous and one-sided about the learning of the self-taught.


Nine at the beginning means:

Contented joyousness. Good fortune.

A quiet, wordless, self-contained joy, desiring nothing from without and
resting content with everything, remains free of all egotistic likes and
dislikes. In this freedom lies good fortune, because it harbors the quiet
security of a heart fortified within itself.

This one is free to do its will. Its acts are not contaminated by factors
that take to insecurity and doubts; the behavior is not hesitant. As its
inner state is calm and steady this individual can achieve good fortune.

Nine in the second place means:

Sincere joyousness. Good fortune.
Remorse disappears.

We often find ourselves associating with inferior people in whose
company we are tempted by pleasures that are inappropriate for the
superior man. To participate in such pleasures would certainly bring
remorse, for a superior man can find no real satisfaction in low
pleasures. When, recognizing this, a man does not permit his will to
swerve, so that he does not find such ways agreeable, not even dubious
companions will venture to proffer any base pleasures, because he would
not enjoy them. Thus every cause for regret is removed.

Sincere joyousness means a state of serenity that cannot be deviate for
anything. This means that such a state doesn't constitute a posture nor a
fake behavior but a real disposition of spirit, hence happiness will come.

Remorse disappears because authentic serenity doesn't modify in
behalf of false seductions that sought to alter it. The seduction is
coming from the weak third line that personifies an inferior man who is
attached to one. The will is strong.

Six in the third place means:

Coming joyousness. Misfortune.

True joy must spring from within. But if one is empty within and wholly
given over to the world, idle pleasures come streaming in from without.
This is what many people welcome as diversion. Those who lack inner
stability and therefore need amusement, will always find opportunity for
indulgence. They attract external pleasures by the emptiness of their
natures. Thus they lose themselves more and more, which of course has
bad results.

Coming joyousness means reasons of distraction that arrive. It means
also that what one was achieving gets lost, because one can't keep the
right course. The will can't be sustained.

In other analysis level this characterizes a fawning behavior.

Nine in the fourth place means:

Joyousness that is weighed is not at peace.
After ridding himself of mistakes a man has joy.

Often a man finds himself weighing the choice between various kinds of
pleasures, and so long as he has not decided which kind he will choose,
the higher or the lower, he has no inner peace. Only when he clearly
recognizes that passion brings suffering, can he make up his mind to turn
away from the lower pleasures and to strive for the higher. Once this
decision is sealed, he finds true joy and peace, and inner conflict is

Here reference is made to a state of search of emotional balance, with
the result that one is restless. One must balance external pressures with
the own desires.

One can give mistakes away by learning the significance of the situation
and thus getting fun.

Nine in the fifth place means:

Sincerity toward disintegrating influences is dangerous.

Dangerous elements approach even the far best of men. If a man permits
himself to have anything to do with them, their disintegrating influence
acts slowly but surely, and inevitable brings dangers in its train. But if he
recognizes the situation and can comprehend the danger, he knows how
to protect himself and remains unharmed.

This means to take a risk, to be exposed. To trust disintegrating
influences means overconfidence in the own capacity and in the own
force and also not to evaluate danger properly. This is a warning.

Six at the top means:

Seductive joyousness.

A vain nature invites diverting pleasures and must suffer accordingly (cf.
the six in the third place). If a man is unstable within, the pleasures of the
world that he does not shun have so powerful an influence that he is
swept along by them. Here it is no longer a question of danger, of good
fortune or misfortune. He has given up direction of his own life, and
what becomes of him depends upon chance and external influences.

The seductive joyousness means triviality that catches what doesn't let
appreciate the true sense of serenity. This false happiness is induced
from a superficiality that doesn't have foundation and can not last.

This is a state of confusion and weakness.